The Self-Employed – Who They Are,为什么他们为自己工作

by Janet Attard

上次更新时间:2月8日2019年
Self-employment is a source of income for more than 24 million workers in the US.Some are full-time self-employed,others are gig workers,偶尔为自己兼职或自由职业者工作。这是他们共同的特点。

自营就业事实
图片来源:depositphotos.com

Who are the self-employed?What characteristics do they share?What kind of work do they do?Why do they work for themselves?他们有什么共同的问题?

Those are just a few of the questions you may have had if you want to work for yourself or if you want to sell products and services to the self-employed.And,正如你所发现的,找到这些问题的确切答案几乎是不可能的。That's because self-employment is such an all-encompassing term.

What is Self-Employment?

According to theIRS,请the term self-employed applies to anyone who makes money from carrying on a trade or business or is "otherwise in business for yourself." Under that definition,freelancers,independent contractors,而全球信息栅格的工作人员都是个体经营者。So,too,是电脑商店里一边做视频编辑的人吗?在放学后“照看”邻居孩子的年轻母亲,还有隔壁的一个15岁的孩子,冬天在车道上铲雪,夏天在草坪上割草。拥有雇员但作为独资经营者经营的企业主也可以被视为个体经营者,while the owner of a one-person business that is incorporated technically wouldn't be self-employed.她将是自己公司的雇员。

在美国有多少人是个体经营者?

这个问题的答案似乎取决于你看谁的统计数字。如果你无视拥有雇员的独资企业主,而忽略了这样一个事实,即有些人不报告自己的收入,基于2017年的估计FedSmallBusiness survey说81%的小企业都是非雇主。(That means they don't have any paid employees.)Meanwhile a 2016 report from theUS Census Bureau.据报道,美国有2480万“企业”是非就业者。人口普查局告诉我们,这些非就业者大多是“经营一个非常小的非法人企业的个体经营者,which may or may not be the owner's principal source of income."

Upwork,一个帮助自由职业者找到工作和企业找到自由职业者的网站,自由职业者的数量远远高于政府数据。在他们的2018年美国自由职业者报告,他们估计有56.7个美国人是自由职业者。

Types of Work Freelancers Do

在最近对网站访问者的调查中,BusinessKnowHow.com found that many of the people who indicated they had no employees were in service-based businesses.Consulting,coaching,training,写作,与互联网相关的服务和营销是最常提到的业务类型之一。徳赢滚球可能以业余爱好开始的商业活动,如食品准备,soap making,and jewelry sales were also mentioned.有趣的是,although many people offered 徳赢滚球marketing related service,徳赢滚球推销自己的企业被认为是个体经营者最关心的问题之一(见下文)。个体工商户从事的行业,however,所有行业分类根据美国人口普查局的数据。

What Do the Self-Employed Have in Common?

But when you dig deeper and look at the reasons they work for themselves,and what problems they share,the similarities start to emerge.

For instance,QuickBooks Self-Employedcommissioned a survey of 923 self-employed people to determine是什么把个体经营者和其他人分开的?.Among the things they looked at was what motivated the individuals to become self-employed,以及他们为什么选择他们正在做的工作类型。

Motivations for Self-Employment

在那些回应QuickBooks调查的人中,最常见的激励因素是希望建立自己的企业,而不必为其他人工作。Sixty-eight percent of the survey takers indicated that negative experiences such as being laid off pushed them into self-employment.多数indicated they chose the type of business他们之所以加入,是因为他们一直把这作为一种爱好,或是因为他们对这件事有着强烈的热情,或是很长一段时间以来一直想做的事情。创业的便利性和在这个行业赚大钱的诱惑是其他激励因素之一。

同样地,研究发现,自由职业的主要原因是对自己命运的控制,独立性,以及灵活性。它还发现,技术是自由职业者的关键推动力。More than three in four freelancers reported that technology has made it easier to find freelance work and 64% had found work online this year.

家庭企业

Most self-employed are home-based businesses.SBA倡导办公室发现60.1%没有带薪员工的企业是以家庭为基础的。

Lifelong Learners

Both the Upwork and QuickBooks surveys found skills training was important to freelancers.In the QuickBooks study,94% of respondents indicated they were lifelong learners,虽然upwork调查显示,70%的全职自由职业者(接受调查)表示,他们在过去6个月里参加过技能培训。The Upwork survey found that freelancers seek training to enhance their skills in technology,networking and business management.The cost of training,however,对于自由职业者来说,这可能是一个问题,他们通常需要自己支付培训费用。

年收入

个体经营者的年收入,for the most part,is modest.根据联邦马尔商业报告,71% have revenue of under $100,000.businessknowhow.com发现类似unremarkable revenue在完成我们的访客调查的小企业中。While that survey included businesses with employees as well as non-employers,the majority of the survey takers were self-employed or had 4 or fewer employees.

勤劳的工人

quickbooks调查要求个体经营者指出有助于他们成功的因素。A large majority (84%) indicated that it was hard work,不是运气,that led to their success.When asked what separates the self-employed from other workers,the top response was a willingness to make sacrifices.

最大的商业问题

BusinessKnowHow.com ran a survey in Fall 2018 that asked site visitors to indicate their most pressing business concern.当我们对这些回答进行分类,并从那些报告没有员工的调查人员那里寻找答案时,the biggest concerns were related to 徳赢滚球marketing and time management.在一个需要更多关注的问题中,the top three answers were Internet-related: getting found online,building or improving a website,and managing social media.

Related:18 Ways to Find Customers For Your New Business

What Does It Take to Succeed in Self-employment?

The Quickbooks survey found that overall,受访者认为这是一项艰苦的工作,determination,以及在自由职业生涯中获得成功的激情。其他重要的因素包括在一个你知道的领域寻求自我就业,了解您的服务或产品的市场,徳赢滚球treating what you do as a business,and being willing to learn from your mistakes.

Additional reading:

如何创业

13 Tips for Starting a Successful Business

小企业赚多少钱

© 2018 Attard Communications,股份有限公司。版权所有。不得复制,未经Attard Communications的书面许可,转载或再版,股份有限公司。

作者简介:
Janet Attard is the founder of the award-winningvwin滚球small business web site and information resource.Janet也是The Home Office And Small Business Answer Bookand ofvwin滚球Business Know-How: An Operational Guide For Home-Based and Micro-Sized Businesses with Limited Budgets.Follow Janet onTwitter以及LinkedIn

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